A SUMMARY OF TACKLING ILLEGAL, UNREPORTED & UNREGULATED (IUU) FISHING
By The European Commission
"Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) depletes fish stocks, destroys marine habitats, distorts competition, puts honest fishers at an unfair disadvantage, and weakens costal communities, particularly in developing countries.
The EU is working to close the loopholes that allow illegal operators to profit from their activities:
The EU Regulation to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) entered into force on 1 January 2010. The Commission is working actively with all stakeholders to ensure coherent application of the IUU Regulation.
Only marine fisheries products validated as legal by the competent flag state or exporting state can be imported to or exported from the EU.
An IUU vessel list is issued regularly, based on IUU vessels identified by Regional Fisheries Management Organisations.
EU operators who fish illegally anywhere in the world, under any flag, face substantial penalties proportionate to the economic value of their catch, which deprive them of any profit."
The Legal Basis :
THE GLOBAL COST OF IUU (BY THE WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE)
"The EU is the largest importer of seafood products in the world. It consumes a quarter of the world’s seafood.
The latest official studies show that every year IUU fishing costs between €8 billion and €19 billion globally.
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has become a global problem that depletes fish stocks, damages marine ecosystems, puts legitimate fishers at risk and threatens the livelihoods of some of the world’s most vulnerable communities. EU regulation to combat IUU fishing aims to combat it by mandatory use of catch certificates."
KIEN GIANG PROVINCE
"Restructuring our Fishery Industry in the period 2017 - 2020 through the transfer and implementation of Science & Technology"
In response to the nationwide Directives of the Prime Minister of Vietnam in December 13th 2017, and the newly amended Vietnam's Fishery Law 2017 to address the 'pre-identification' (yellow card) of Vietnam's IUU fishing issue by the European Comission, The People Committee of Kien Giang Province had organized the Conference for "Directives and solutions to improve value of fishery product of Kien Giang Province" in January 08th 2018.
The Conference access the current situation of Kien Giang's fishery industry and many important aspects in Economics, Management, and Technology involving the local fleets and harbor, boat construction material, product preservation technology, harbor management, labor issue, licensing issue, supply chain planning and development, to name a few. Then the Conference went through scientific sturdy and reports on management of fishery resources in Kien Giang sea and the South-West region of Vietnam as well as the potentials and challenges in creating a sustainable fishery ecosystem upon the current infrastructure of the local fleet, harbor, and businesses.
In participating, Aoki seafood company limited suggested the provincial authorities, government departments, and local businesses to unite and initiate a "business plan" for the local fishery industry with the scope of 5 to 10 years. Upon completion of such "business plan", the goal is to have a modernized fishery industry with industrial restructuring: bringing in more value-added business, services to support the industry, distribution channels improvement and diversification to open new markets while accumulating values locally, and the local authorities will have management strength supported by all stakeholders (businesses, NGO, consumers) to manage a sustainable fishing scheme, in conjunction with a proper legal framework to reject IUU and keep fishing and aquaculture practices healthy. Such a transformation will undoubtedly impact negatively on a few years of gain, but ultimately will lead to the betterment for all parties involved in the fishery industry of Kien Giang.
"Restructuring our Fishery Industry in the period 2017 - 2020 through the transfer and implementation of Science & Technology" is the focus for the rest of the Conference, of which the most important discussion is the plan of requesting Official Development Assistance (ODA) from Yamaguchi Prefecture and relevant Japanese organizations, proposed by the Japan Research Institute (JRI), and supported by "Fisheries Engineering Co., Ltd", "Chugoku Bureau of Economy, Trade and Industry" and the "Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan (METI)". This plan was built upon the geographic and demographic similarities of Kien Giang Province of Vietnam and Yamaguchi Prefecture of Japan. Both have diverse terrains with long coastlines, big satellite islands, access to internal sea (the gulf of Thailand and the Seto internal sea) and international sea water (Western Central Pacific Ocean), area around 6,100 km2 and population more or less 1.5 million. The initial ODA package would prioritize the support for a Fishery Improvement Project that include experimentation of new on-boat preservation system, and the pilot construction of several cold storage and wholesales market model at TACCAU harbor.
WIN - WIN
Yamaguchi & Kien Giang
There will be many participants that are originated from the Yamaguchi Prefecture that holding key scientific researches and technologies that can be transferred and implemented. From the presentation, we had seen Nisi-F for boat construction technology; Kanmon Oceanic Engineering Works for port construction and platform projects; Yukata company for freezing tech; Matsuoka company for cold storage, preservation and delivery system; Koga Sanyo for 3D freezers; Shimonoseki University for human resource development that specialize in fishery and management, and Fujimitsu - one of the largest and representative business of Yamaguchi Prefecture with several ongoing projects in Vietnam, will provide technologies to create value-added products, culinary development for Kien Giang and the neighboring markets.
Yamaguchi Prefecture - JAPAN
Population (2012) : 1.445 miliion
Area : 6,112 km2
Kien Giang Province - VIETNAM
Population (2012) : 1.726 miliion
Area : 6,298 km2
Although only a preliminary presentation, the ODA plan that JRI proposed had amazing implications for a larger scale transformation that could tackle not only the IUU fishing issue, but also can bring in many new prospects of revenue and new businesses to both sides, through the investment of infrastructure and the improvement of quality, yield, management of resources, supply chain, distribution channels, and added value products.
The impact can be meaningful on a national scale, not just Kien Giang but any coastal area of Vietnam.
By Aoki Seafood Company Limited
THE WORLD MAP OF IUU WARNING BY EUROPEAN COMMISSION
"If the dialogue does not resolve the shortcomings, the Commission notifies the country of the risk of being identified as non-cooperating. This notification is known as ‘pre-identification’, or a ‘yellow card’. The Commission proposes tailored measures, which the non-EU country is expected to address by a specified deadline. If the pre-identified country makes progress in line with the proposed measures but more time is needed to conclude the reforms, the yellow card status may be extended.
In cases where the pre-identified country fails to resolve its IUU fishing problems, the Commission identifies it as a non-cooperating country, in what is called the ‘identification’ step, or the ‘red card’, and proposes to the Council to place the country on the list of non-cooperating countries, i.e. the ‘listing’ step. Listing involves trade-restrictive measures – the prohibition of imports of fishery products from the listed country, associated with a prohibition on EU vessels operating in its waters. Dialogue remains open throughout the procedure.
When a pre-identified, identified or listed country makes concrete progress in resolving EU concerns, the Commission lifts the pre-identification status or proposes to the Council to delist the country, i.e. it gives the ‘green card’.
The map above shows the countries involved in these procedures. The most recent card is indicated on top."
COUNTRIES WITH IUU WARNING & PROGRESS
"A total of 25 countries have been given a yellow card (up to November 2017). Ten of them had their pre-identification lifted after periods varying between 10 and 39 months. For six of the pre-identified countries, the procedure continued with a red card and listing, of which three countries were delisted after 13, 20 and 35 months respectively. Currently nine countries have a yellow card, and three countries have a red card.
The countries involved in the procedures are located in southern and eastern Asia (seven), western-central Pacific (six), the Caribbean (six), West Africa (five) and the western Indian Ocean (one).
The figure on the right provides an overview of the procedures launched by the Commission, and their progress over time."
AOKI SEAFOOD COMPANY LIMITED
COMMITTED IN COMBAT IUU
Aoki fully supports Vietnamese Government's plan and actions in combat IUU fishing, prioritize the removing of the yellow card as an immediate goal.
For long-term Aoki want to contribute to The Mission to change the face of our fishery industry to a more sustainable way and intelligent resource management for future generation.
Aoki has the following commitments that we will follow as an organization operating under the law and business landscape of Vietnam :
Since 2014, Aoki products export to France always comply with EC regulations on IUU about packaging with "production date" and "freezing date", to trace raw materials batch with certified documents that show quantity, species, catching area and name of fishing vessels
Aoki will comply with the Vietnam's Fishery Law (amended in 2017) particularly on Chapter IV/ Section IV/ Article 60/ Part a,b,c,d,đ - and thus WILL NOT accepting, processing or exporting to EU products made of aquatic species on the list of endangered, precious and rare aquatic species, smaller size than prescribed, catch by using prohibited fishing gears, Illegal fishing in sea waters under the management of other regional, national and territorial fisheries management organizations. In order to do so, we will always inspect, evaluate, and record quantities and species coming in our factory, and reject raw materials lots that our Quality Control found violated with the previous commitments.
With the establishment of VNFISHBASE database, Aoki WILL NOT doing business with vessels or organizations on the list of violating the fisheries legislations or operate without permit, registration, and fishing license
Aoki will support the local government if requested, in enacting and performing the directives and regulations on combat IUU in our main supply harbor (TACCAU).
The establishment of regulations on fishing log book and quantity for traceability of harvested products on vessels will eventually help Aoki in our BV program.
Aoki will keep ourselves update and involved by participating in forum, meetings, campaigns organized by the Government, NGO, or other organizations in the effort of combating IUU. Aoki had enter the group of producers "say NO to IUU" lead by VASEP Marine Product Committee from 25th September 2017, and we will follow closely and take part in any meaningful meetings, programs or actions to contribute to the nationwide efforts to change the fate of our fishery industry.